Focal length is a distance between an optical focus of an optical system and a cardinal point of the optical system in millimeters and is defined as the lens system ability to focus light. The smaller the focal length, the more the light beams are focused by the optical system.
HD-CVI (High Definition Composite Video Interface) - an HD (1280x720), Full HD (1920x1080), 4 Mpx (2560x1440) and 8 Mpx 4K UHD (3840x2160) signal transmission standard via a 75 Ω coaxial cable or twisted pair with video baluns.
HD-TVI (High Definition Transport Video Interface) - an HD (1280x720) and Full HD (1920x1080), 3 Mpx (2048x1536), 4 Mpx (2688x1520), 5 Mpx (2560x1944) and 8 Mpx 4K UHD (3840x2160) signal transmission standard via a 75 Ω coaxial cable or twisted pair with video baluns.
IK rating is a classification for the degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external mechanical impacts. The higher the IK code, the higher the mechanical strength. The IK rating is an 11-code scale (‘00’ to ‘10’).
Mpx (MP, Mpix) is an abbreviation of Megapixel. It is a unit describing in millions the number of elementary points of the CCD matrix. The higher the number means the higher image resolution. See a graphical comparison of different image sizes.
An image sensor is a photosensitive element converting the image into an electric signal. It uses a photoelectric effect by converting a stream of photons into electric impulses. It is one of the key components of any camera or any device designed for taking photos or recording video sequences.
IP rating also referred to as the degree of protection defines the resistance to external conditions. The first digit denotes a resistance to solid and dust ingress, the second digit denotes a resistance to water ingress.
Due to a growing shortage of IPv4 addresses, a successor to IPv4, known as IPv6 has been developed. A switch between IPv4 and IPv6 is unnoticeable for an average user. The key to IPv6 enhancement is the expansion of the IP address space from 32 bits to 128 bits. See more...
Iris diaphragm is part of a lens controlling the amount of light reaching the image sensor. It controls the relative aperture of the lens to reduce or increase the amount of light in lenses with adjustable iris (manual iris, auto iris) or is fixed.
LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a technology that integrates many technical solutions developed by the 3GPP consortium and designed to achieve high data rates. Currently, the uplink rates in the LTE-A (LTE Advanced) can reach up to 1 Gb/s.
M-JPEG is an intra-frame compression method with a maximum compression ratio limited to approx. 1:20. The frames are compressed individually and the compression requires less computing power and memory compared to H.264.
MPEG-4 – a standard introduced in 1998 as a replacement for MPEG-1 and MPEG-2. The standard includes several new functions providing flexible quality and compression ratio coding. Codec implementation depends on the programmer decision, and the application capabilities are determined by profiles and levels used.
OFDM – an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing is a method of encoding digital data on multiple orthogonal carrier frequencies to eliminate the multi-path propagation and intersymbol interferences.
An optical waveguide is a physical structure guiding the electromagnetic waves in the optical spectrum. The optical waveguides are made of highly symmetrical dielectrics including a light-propagating core surrounded by a dielectric material (jacket) with a refractive index n lower than the core.
The optical radiation is presented as an electromagnetic wave. Waves of all lengths compose the radiation spectrum, and the dedicated lengths form the range. In other words, the wavelength is a distance between two repeating wave elements. See more...
PET - Polyethylene terephthalate is a semi-crystalline, high-strength and high-ductility polymer with excellent machinability and UV resistance properties, good electrical insulation and sound attenuation properties.